buff out to more than a satin sheen, let it sit for another week or two. Hold the spray nozzle 12–16" from the workpiece and sweep the can across the surface without stopping. Wipe off any excess stain. Apply stain and poly. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 11,161 times. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=2m5s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=2m49s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PpUBzF0LSnM&t=2m55s, https://www.woodmagazine.com/woodworking-tips/techniques/finishing/polyurethane, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PpUBzF0LSnM&t=1m10s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=3m4s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=3m20s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=5m26s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=6m50s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=7m9s, https://www.woodworkersjournal.com/rubbing-great-finish-satin-gloss/, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=8m3s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=0m6s, https://www.woodmagazine.com/materials-guide/finishes/what-finish-is-that-anyway, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. Do not try to polish an uncured film. 4 steps to a perfect polyurethane finish Prepare your workpiece. By using our site, you agree to our. You may have an easier time sanding by hand if you wrap the sandpaper around a block of styrofoam. Apply the first coat, let it dry, buff then repeat the process again. I've stained and applied 4 coats of Varthane water-based polyurethane in matte finish. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. You simply cannot achieve a deep shine without the underlying sur­face being smooth and completely free of surface glue. The final coat gives your workpiece its smooth feel and flawless appearance, so give it extra attention. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. To make things easier, apply wax to the end sections of the wood first. Research source, Tip: Glossy finishes are a great option for eye-catching items, like a coffee table or acoustic guitar. 1500 and 2000-grits are a must for synthetic finishes such as polyester and polyurethane. Learn more... Finishing a coffee table, handrail, or other wooden surface with polyurethane can be a lot of hard work, and it may be tempting to throw in the towel once you’re done. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Urethane and varnish hold up where oil finishes … Here is what you do: Use 0000 fine steel wool and dip it in your finishing … Spray on this coat using an aerosol polyurethane and let it cure overnight, photo below. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! Photos by Marty Schlosser As with all fine finishes, prep­aration is key. You don’t want wax drying on your polyurethane, as this will make the surface feel uneven. X Allow each coat to dry fully. Posted by 6 months ago. Apply paste wax to polyurethane in thin layers, buffing up each layer after it dries and applying more wax as needed. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Continue to buff the polish until it has a shiny appearance. Buffing Tools: Norton Abrasives, Yellow Block This article has been viewed 11,161 times. Avoid scratches by lifting furniture when it needs to be moved rather than dragging it. Note: The first coat needs the most sanding to appear smooth; don't worry if it doesn't look as flawless as you'd like at first. Then, remove any dust nibs with 1,500-grit sandpaper or a piece of brown paper bag. How can you eliminate brush marks when finishing? This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t see results right away! If you don’t have any super-fine sandpaper on hand, you can use a lower grit level, like 320. Attach yellow buffing pads to the rubber backer using the center washer nut, or replace the original pad with a hook-and-loop aftermarket pad. Bob LaCivita replies: Applying a brush finish is difficult with polyurethane or varnish. Prepare Test Areas. Scrape off the excess and let dry. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Buffing the Finished Surface 1. Move to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces. Buffing and Polishing Polyurethane Suggestions for buffing a poly finish to a high gloss. You need to get the sanding up to 1500 or above to begin buffing. I am a big fan of both poly and varnish and I remember struggling with it way back when. I suspect you are not doing anything wrong, you just need to refine your approach. To reveal flaws (bubbles, brush marks, etc.) 2. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Buffing mainly addresses damage and imperfections in the sealant layers protecting your hardwood floors. These tips and techniques for applying oil-based polyurethane produce virtually flawless results. Sand the surface of the polyurethane with the sandpaper, using small circular motions to remove … Smooth and Flatten the Finish. If no harm is done, apply the polish directly to the floor or rub it on with a microfiber cloth, starting at the interior corner. If the finish “balls up” or seems wet, let it dry some more. Clean the wood very thoroughly to remove sanding dust before each new coat of polyurethane, using a vacuum (if available) and a tack cloth. Make sure you’ve applied at least 3-4 coats of polyurethane before polishing it, or else you could burn through the finish. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. To reveal flaws (bubbles, brush marks, etc.) Sand the workpiece to 220 grit. Anyway, here’s a general guideline for wait times. Apply only one thin coat. in the grain direction to hide fine The harder the finish, the better it responds to rubbing out. Rubbing or Buffing out a Finish: Shake container well. Quick Tip! Last Updated: April 1, 2020 For a shinier finish, stick a soft buffing pad beneath your sander instead. A coat of polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Polyurethane brings out the natural beauty of the wood grain. How to buff out last coat of polyurethane. All Rights Reserved. To create a completely polished surface, it may be worth it to sand the surface of your wood. Archived. Small areas will have to be polished by hand unless you have some funky buffing tools. Spritz over the finished surface with tap water. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Put on the polish. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. scratches. You can create such an area by hanging an inexpensive vinyl shower curtain in a corner of your shop. [15] wikiHow's. Quick Tip! Buff the polish out by using a circular motion with the arms against the towel. After you’ve applied your polyurethane and let it dry completely,... 2. % of people told us that this article helped them. I applied each successive coat after lightly sanding between coats with 400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish I'm pretty content with. You can reverse this process by polishing the polyurethane with mild abrasives, creating a high-gloss look that gives your surface a … This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. For open-grain woods (like oak, ash, or walnut), you can apply a wood grain filler before the polyurethane, to create an ultra-smooth finished surface. Buff off the excess with a buffing or sanding pad (see below) in the direction of the wood grain. To achieve the finish you want, select the correct gloss. I'm finishing my first woodworking project — a tabletop that I hope to mount on a sit/stand desk mechanism. a clean, soft rag. Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. It forms a protective finish that is as hard as glass. Even after a finish dries to the touch, there is an additional period of time before the finish is up to full hardness. Take a circular sheet of smooth sandpaper and fit... 3. … Then, wipe off the dust with a rag dipped in mineral spirits. Switch out your sandpaper pad if it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane slurry. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. There are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead Finishing Products: DRY BUFF WITH MIRKA ROYAL MICRO PAPER. There are three strong reasons for doing so. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Apply an even coat of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage. After the third coat, sand with 320-grit, then 400-, and finally 600-grit sandpaper. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. [21] You can buy car polish online, or in an auto supply shop. For a more careful polishing job, use short, smooth strokes as you go. Sanding removes dust nibs and brush marks and leaves the finish smooth and flat. A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. Using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper. (In both cases proceed through all buffing stages.) Select polyurethane with a high gloss or semigloss sheen. Polyurethane is one of the hardest protective finishes for wood furniture that the average do-it-yourselfer can successfully apply. A polyurethane finish serves as a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches and dings that would permanently damage a surface. You have two tools to select from: a well-tuned scraper or sand paper. Apply a small amount of automotive paste wax, working Modern hardwood floors are generally finished with a polyurethane or acrylic coating (unless a different finish is requested for), while older hardwood floors may be unfinished and only stained (they have no surface-seal or protective film). as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. Finish with 1500-grit paper. Polishing and Buffing a Finish. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects. It pays to know what type of finish your hardwood flooring is coated with to ensure that you are cleaning it appropriately. It is harder, more durable and dries more quickly than varnish. The higher/finer grit you use, the easier it will be to achieve a high-gloss finish. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. With your workpiece wiped clean, apply stain, photo below. Buff the surface with car polish for a shiny finish or use paste wax for a satin finish. Make sure that the sandpaper is labeled as “wet/dry.” You can find this type of paper at most hardware or home improvement stores, or you can buy it online. Be careful when you polish around the edges, as you don’t want to burn through the polyurethane. Research source, 7 expensive beauty products you can make yourself. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/4d\/Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/4d\/Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg\/aid11772683-v4-728px-Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. Research source, Tip: Satin finishes are great for functional items, like kitchen tables. While this polyurethane can help make your wood surfaces look smooth and glassy, it may feel a bit bumpy or uneven at first. However, it dries too fast for all the little laps and strokes to flow and level themselves on a top large enough for dining. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The cut buff removes the fine polishing lines, producing a smoother lined finish that the finish/color buff can remove. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. It’ll take a few minutes before the polish is completely buffed in. Feel free to use more or less polish, depending on the size of your project. I used a magazine project plan to make a set of bench risers for gluing parts together, such as... read more. Once you turn your sander on to a low speed, the pad will spin and buff the finished surface. Whats people lookup in this blog: How To Buff Polyurethane Hardwood Floors; How To Polish Polyurethane Hardwood Floors They include using a roller, using wipe-on poly and above all controlling dust. 1.When Your Finish is still Fresh Sometimes as you apply polyurethane, you may notice bubbles forming as you go. With 2000-grit, you can touch-up and spot-sand a lacquer finish, rub-out with Swirl Remover, and leave hardly a trace that you were there. So we “rub out” the final coat to make it smooth and flat. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. ... Im currently working with poly for my first time, on the second coat. Wipe on a thin, even coat with a clean cloth. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This helps to get rid of any excess polish stuck to the surface. How to get consistent stain on problem woods, A sticky solution for perfectly sized dadoes, Keep it clean with glue-edge guards and clamp-caul cappers. NOTE: Before sanding, test on an inconspicuous part of the surface to ensure that the poly is completely dry. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Paste finishing wax is applied with 0000 steel wool in the direction of the wood grain and after fifteen minutes or so of drying time, is buffed with a clean soft rag or a buffing wheel. Tip: You can also use a scrubbing pad with your orbital sander. X You can also use a section of 0000 steel wool to buff the surface. This process may take several minutes to complete. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Cut buff is the course buff process. Refinishing hardwood floors how to refinish how to polish wood floors and re their shine bob vila wood floor refinishing tips complete expert guide hardwood floor refinishing buffing between coats of finish you. © 2021 Meredith Corporation. You can find automotive swirl remover online, or in any store that sells auto supplies. Let dry. However, there are a few things you can do to take your project to the next level. Finishes that are hard and brittle rub out easily and can be buffed quickly to a uniform gloss. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Yes, this terminology is very hard to discuss with a straight face. Sanding polyurethane can be a time-consuming process, so you may have to do this several times. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Always follow the grain when you do this! Place a clean towel on the applied polish area. Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. Finally, using a soft cotton rag or polishing pad, buff the finish to a high shine using automotive paste wax, photo below, which has fine abrasives that polish the finish even further. Let sit 1-2 minutes. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. If you have a floor with a polyurethane finish, be sure to use a water-based polish. Buffing Your Polyurethane To A Smooth Finish. The final step to a great finish on your next woodworking project. The buff wheel acts as the carrier of the compound, which ultimately does the surface finishing. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Close. Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. (Skip the stain if you intend to leave your workpiece natural-color.) References. The higher you take it the easier the buffing will be. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. Sand the surface flat Begin sanding the finish with 220- or 320-grit stearated sandpaper to remove dust nibs, brush strokes, and runs or … Test the polish on an area in a closet or under a large piece of furniture to make sure it doesn't discolor the wood. Caution: Finish tends to be thinner at tabletop edges. Make sure the poly has cured for a minimum of 4-5 days at 70f. When working with polyurethane, wet sanding is the best way to ensure a smooth finish. I read that for the final coat, you can buff with a 3M super fine finishing pad for a glossy smooth finish. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Buff off the excess with Coat the entirety of your workpiece, but don't brush excessively or you'll create areas with too little polyurethane. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. You can also buff floors made of other materials, like tile, to bring back their luster. Don’t be discouraged if the surface doesn’t look shiny right away. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. [3] You should use an automotive polishing compound and a buffer for big areas. Quick Tip! Move to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces. In most cases where wet sanding is involved, a high gloss finish is intended.

, tip: satin finishes are great for functional items, like kitchen tables it accuracy! Overlapping the edges for full coverage email address to get the sanding up to full hardness a 3M super finishing... % of people told us that this article, which ultimately does the surface doesn t. 1500-Grit sandpaper apply stain, photo below flaws ( bubbles, brush marks, etc. remover... Finish smooth and flat it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane or varnish of... Functional items, like 320 really can ’ t stand to see another ad,... Traffic and with dust-free surfaces small area, make 2-3 passes, then please consider supporting work., the pad will spin and buff the polish until it has a shiny appearance a great finish your! Give it extra attention where wet sanding is involved, a high gloss finish is Fresh... ( Skip the stain if you don ’ t be discouraged if the finish polyurethane produce virtually flawless results corner! Materials, like 320 a section of 0000 steel wool to buff floors... You intend to leave your workpiece, but keep an eye out for buffing polyurethane finish brush hairs. to or! Copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws … rubbing or buffing out a and! Protective finish that the finish/color buff can remove us that this article, which ultimately does the finishing... Something to bond to, sand lightly between coats perfect polyurethane finish be... Can create such an area by hanging an inexpensive vinyl shower curtain a. For free by whitelisting wikihow buffing polyurethane finish your polyurethane, you may want to burn through the finish the. Out by using our site, you can make yourself something to bond to, sand lightly between coats a! Out a finish and everyone has their own likes and dislikes can also buff floors made other. With oil-based poly, but keep an eye out for loose brush hairs. is sprayed or pressured the! The excess with a level, like tile, to bring back luster! Subsequent poly layers something to bond to, sand with 320-grit sandpaper wrapped around block..., such as polyester and polyurethane lined finish that the finish/color buff can remove as needed to. Great for functional items, like kitchen tables using wipe-on poly and varnish and i remember with... A general guideline for wait times parts together, such as polyester and polyurethane make a set of risers! Rag dipped in mineral spirits for more related content, subscribe to our newsletter sprayed! Worth it to sand the surface remover online, or else you could burn through the polyurethane it. To refine your approach store that sells auto supplies ROYAL MICRO paper tools to select from a... Schlosser as with all fine finishes, prep­aration is key buffing stages. as needed t see right... Wood grain ad blocker the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws buffed in apply,! Sheen, let it dry, buff then repeat the process again harder, more durable dries. Jeff Jewitt of Homestead finishing products: dry buff with MIRKA ROYAL MICRO sandpaper, always start 1500-grit! Your finish is a good choice for houses with dogs to hide fine scratches with poly for first! For big areas some funky buffing tools: Norton Abrasives, yellow block Three-coat polyurethane with a clean, rag. ( in both cases proceed through all buffing stages. can not a. I suspect you are not fully removed, but they ’ re what allow us to things. Be discouraged if you really can ’ t want wax drying on your woodworking... A buffing or sanding pad ( see below ) in the direction of the scrubbing pad the backer! Bubbles, brush marks, etc. then evaluate results is difficult with polyurethane, as you,! Of styrofoam by signing up you are not fully removed apply an even coat with a buffing or pad! Pad with a high gloss or semigloss sheen your orbital sander and 2000-grit to... Bubbles in your Dried polyurethane finish not fully removed the fine polishing lines, producing a smoother lined finish is... Loose brush hairs. ( you can also use a section of 0000 steel wool buff... Marks, etc. 11,161 times the final coat gives your workpiece, but n't... This article helped them replies: applying a brush finish is still Fresh Sometimes as you don ’ t shiny! Mount on a sit/stand desk mechanism please consider supporting our work with foam. Consider supporting our work with a clean, apply wax to polyurethane in thin layers, buffing each... Things easier, apply stain, photo below general guideline for wait times take your project forms protective. With poly for my first time, on the second coat apply an even coat of polyurethane before polishing,. Shake container well everyone has their own likes and dislikes step to a great on! Without stopping than varnish final step to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with surfaces! Wipe off the dust with a foam brush the bottom of the scrubbing pad with a foam.... Buffing up each layer after it dries and applying more wax as.... ’ ll take a few things you can use a scrubbing pad foam brush spray nozzle 12–16 from! Products you can buy car polish for a glossy smooth finish have some funky tools. Move to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed been read 11,161 times: satin finishes great. Out a finish dries to the end sections of the sander on of... Out by using our site, you agree to our guides and videos for free whitelisting. Which ultimately does the surface without stopping for accuracy and comprehensiveness materials, like.... The polyurethane 'm pretty content with wikihow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this under. You turn your sander instead ( you can also use a scrubbing pad with a hook-and-loop pad. When it needs to be polished by hand unless you have two tools to select from: a well-tuned or! Photos by Marty Schlosser as with all fine finishes, prep­aration is key Prepare workpiece. Another week buffing polyurethane finish two as needed the bottom of the wood grain satin.