Writer Edmondo De Amicis took part in the capture of Rome as an officer in the Italian army. An event that deserves to be retraced historically and considered from the perspective of theology. It was through an artillery-opened breach in the wall a dozen metres to the west of the gate - known as the "Porta Pia breach" - that on September 20, 1870 Bersaglieri soldiers entered Rome and completed the unification of Italy. With the French no longer manning the Pope's walls, widespread public demonstrations demanded that the Italian government take Rome. For Italian patriotism, the 20 th of September marks the anniversary of the breach of the Porta Pia. You are all a set of vipers, of whited sepulchres, and wanting in faith." On the eve of the breach of Porta Pia a kidnapping shakes the Jewish Ghetto: a child disappears. The Italian army reached the Aurelian Walls on September 19 and placed Rome under siege. Rather, it was the sign of a struggle against the Pope's temporal sovereignty by people inspired by anti-religious Enlightenment ideologies. One of Pope Pius IV 's civic improvements to the city, it is named after him. The breach of Porta Pia is considered the last real battle of the Risorgimento and the first that, not even ten years after the unification of Italy, saw soldiers from all walks of life, coming from all regions of Italy, fight under the same flag. [6], In 1870, the Italian Army, commanded by General Raffaele Cadorna, crossed the papal frontier on 11 September, and advanced toward Rome, moving slowly in the hope that a peaceful entry could be negotiated. The French Emperor was deposed and forced into exile. In July 1870, at the last moment of the Church's rule over Rome, the First Vatican Council was held in the city, affirming the doctrine of papal infallibility. Porta Pia is one of the gates in Rome’s Aurelian Walls. A marble and bronze monument is to be found at the exact point of the breach. I colorized a photo of the breach of Porta Pia in 1870. Situated at the end of a new street, the Via Pia, it was designed by Michelangelo in replacement for the Porta Nomentana situated several hundred meters southwards, which was closed up at the same … That’s how often long-term damage can be expected! fu ornata col disegno da celebre Buonarroti; ma essendo rimasta imperfetta, fu poi proseguita dal Cav. In fact, the latter was granted the Pontifical Palace, the Vatican buildings and an indemnity in money. why “the Team” will not appear on Saturday, The Earth was spinning faster in 2020 than at any time in the past 50 years, tips from the best pastry chef in the world for success, Welcome, new long-term tester! report. On the 20 th of September 1870, the Italian army breached the wall surrounding Rome near the ancient port known as Porta Pia. La Breccia di Porta Pia. 2020-09-20T15:38:04.659Z. In that year at Porta Pia, one of the city’s main gates of entry, the Italian army breached and conquered the city, ending the rule of the Pontifical state. The Capture of Rome (Italian: Presa di Roma) on September 20, 1870, was the final event of the long process of Italian unification also known as the Risorgimento, marking both the final defeat of the Papal States under Pope Pius IX and the unification of the Italian peninsula under King Victor Emmanuel II of the House of Savoy. The capture of Rome completed the unification of Italy. Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up. An event that deserves to be retraced historically and considered from the perspective of theology. 0 comments. September 20, 2020 saw the 150th anniversary of the capture of Rome and the conquest of the last provinces of the papal state. Known as Porta Pia, on the eve of the breach of Porta Pia, was occupied by soldiers! 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